Ekiti State is situated entirely within the tropics. It is located between longitudes 40°51' and 50°451' East of the Greenwich meridian and latitudes 70°151' and 80°51' north of the Equator. It lies south of Kwara and Kogi State, East of Osun State and bounded by Ondo State in the East and in the south, with a total land Area of 5887.890sq km. Ekiti State has 16 Local Government Councils. By 1991 Census, the population of Ekiti State was 1,647,822 while the estimated population upon its creation on October 1st 1996 was put at 1,750,000 with the capital located at Ado-Ekiti. The 2006 population census by the National Population Commission put the population of Ekiti State at 2,384,212 people.
The Ekiti State House of Assembly came into existence with the creation of Ekiti State in October 1996. Its main plenary functions are to enact, amend and repeal laws while statutory and standing committees are on hand for oversight functions of the various Ministries, Department and Agencies of government in the State.
The First Assembly of the House was formally inaugurated on 4th June 1999 with Barrister Adekola Adefemi of the then Alliance for Democracy (AD) as the pioneer Speaker. To date, the Assembly has had eight substantive Speakers, two Acting Speakers and eight Deputy Speakers.
Ekiti State has twenty six (26) constituencies, each of which produces a member of the Assembly. To date, the State has had three Assemblies. The present legislative dispensation which is the fourth Assembly was inaugurated on 6th June 2011.
The incumbent Speaker of the House is Rt. Hon. Dr. Omirin Adewale Albert of the Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN) who is assisted by five other Principal Officers. They are:
Deputy Speaker – Hon. Bar. Orislade Adetunji Taiwo (ACN)
Deputy Chief Whip – Hon. Ajayi isaac Adebowale (ACN)
The House has passed about 121 Bills and many Resolutions that directly touch the lives of the Ekiti people since its inception.
The administration of the House is headed by the Clerk who is also the Accounting Officer. He is assisted by two Deputy Clerks. The Assembly has eight main Departments each headed by a Director. The Departments are:
Finance and Administration Department
Planning, Research and Statistics Department
Legal Drafting Department
Printing and Technical Department
General Constraints and Needs of the House
In carrying out its plenary functions, this First Arm of the Government is faced with the following challenges:
Inadequate funding in the execution of capital projects in the Assembly. This results in inadequate working tools and facilities.
The House is in serious need of official vehicles. A good number of the principal officers do not have official vehicles to handle their official assignments while there are no utilities vehicles.
It is important to note that the House of Assembly would continue to discharge its responsibilities of legislating to make dividends of democracy available to the people of Ekiti if well funded.